Canada

Map of Canada and country flag

Canada is the second-largest country in the world after Russia. It is located in North America and shares a border with Alaska to the northwest and the contiguous United States to the south. The border between Canada and the United States is the longest international border in the world. Canada also shares a land border with Greenland on Hans Island to the northeast, and it is bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

Country Profile

Canada’s landmass is divided into ten provinces and three territories. Ottawa, in the province of Ontario, is the capital city. Three of Canada’s most famous cities include Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. Toronto — the country’s financial center — is famous for its international film festival and the CN Tower, while Montreal is known for its French architecture and historic landmarks. Vancouver is one of Canada’s most beautiful cities. It is surrounded by water and overlooked by mountains and alpine forests. 
 
The country is characterized by its breathtaking natural scenery, which consists of snow-capped mountains, towering waterfalls, boreal forests, and shimmering lakes. Lake Superior, which spans the provinces of Ontario, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, is the second-largest lake in the world after the Caspian Sea. Canada’s thousands of lakes contain about a fifth of the planet’s freshwater resources.
 
Due to its large size, Canada’s climate is varied. The north of the country typically experiences extremely cold winters and short, cool summers, while the southern regions are warm during summer and very cold during winter.
 
Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. The country’s parliamentary system stems from the Westminster tradition in Britain, whereby the government acts in the name of the Crown but derives its authority from the people. Canada’s reigning monarch is the monarch of 14 other Commonwealth countries.

Canada: Stats and Facts