Africa

Map of Africa with country flags
Africa is a continent surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. It’s the world’s second-largest and second-most-populous continent after Asia.
 
The continent covers 20% of Earth’s land area and consists of 54 countries. Algeria is the largest African country in terms of land area. Africa contains various archipelagos, such as the Nightingale Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean and the Outer Islands (Coralline Seychelles) in the western Indian Ocean. 
 
Based on the United Nations geoscheme – a system of categorising the world’s continents, countries and territories – Africa is divided into five subregions: Northern Africa, Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Southern Africa and Western Africa. The Sahara, the world’s largest hot desert, spans North Africa. The Savanna grasslands are spread over nearly half of the continent. Other distinct geographical regions in Africa include the Ethiopian Highlands, the Swahili Coast and the African Great Lakes.
 
Due to the sheer size of Africa, there are plenty of iconic landmarks and tourist attractions. Some of the most popular include Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania (the highest mountain in Africa), Victoria Falls in Zambia and Zimbabwe, and the Red Sea Reef off the coast of Egypt, Eritrea, and Sudan. The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one that still exists today. 

Countries of Africa

CountryFlagPopulationWorld %UN SubregionCapital City
Benin
Flag of Benin
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Botswana
Flag of Botswana
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Burkina Faso
Flag of Burkina Faso
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Burundi
Flag of Burundi
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Cabo Verde
Flag of Cabo Verde
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Cameroon
Flag of Cameroon
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Central African Republic
Flag of Central African Republic
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Chad
Flag of Chad
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Comoros
Flag of Comoros
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Congo, Republic of the
Flag of Congo
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Côte d'Ivoire
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire
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Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of Democratic Republic of Congo
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Djibouti
Flag of Djibouti
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Egypt
Flag of Egypt
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Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Equatorial Guinea
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Eritrea
Flag of Eritrea
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Eswatini
Flag of Eswatini
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Ethiopia
Flag of Ethiopia
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Gabon
Flag of Gabon
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Gambia
Flag of Gambia
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Ghana
Flag of Ghana
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Guinea
Flag of Guinea
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Guinea-Bissau
Flag of Guinea-Bissau
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Kenya
Flag of Kenya
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Lesotho
Flag of Lesotho
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Liberia
Flag of Liberia
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Libya
Flag of Libya
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Madagascar
Flag of Madagascar
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Malawi
Flag of Malawi
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Mali
Flag of Mali
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Mauritania
Flag of Mauritania
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Mauritius
Flag of Mauritius
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Morocco
Flag of Morocco
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Mozambique
Flag of Mozambique
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Namibia
Flag of Namibia
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Niger
Flag of Niger
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Nigeria
Flag of Nigeria
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Rwanda
Flag of Rwanda
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São Tomé and Príncipe
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe
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Senegal
Flag of Senegal
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Seychelles
Flag of Seychelles
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Sierra Leone
Flag of Sierra Leone
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Somalia
Flag of Somalia
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South Africa
Flag of South Africa
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South Sudan
Flag of South Sudan
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Sudan
Flag of Sudan
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Tanzania
Flag of Tanzania
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Togo
Flag of Togo
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Tunisia
Flag of Tunisia
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Uganda
Flag of Uganda
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Zambia
Flag of Zambia
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Zimbabwe
Flag of Zimbabwe
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Facts about Africa

Sovereign CountriesPopulationLand Area (km²)Population Density (/km²)World %
541,460,481,77229,551,2484918.15%

Largest Country

The largest country in Africa in terms of land area is Algeria. It covers 2,381,740 km² (919,595 square miles) of land.
 

Smallest Country

Africa’s smallest country in terms of land area is Seychelles, an island country and archipelagic state, which measures just 455 km² (176 sq mi). The Gambia (West Africa) is the smallest country in mainland Africa, which covers 10,120 km² (3,907 sq mi).
 

Largest Island

The largest island in Africa is Madagascar, a country in East Africa. The island measures 586,500 km² (226,449 mi²).
 

Longest River

Africa’s longest river is the Nile, which runs 6,650 kilometers (4,132 miles) through East Africa. The Nile is also the world’s longest river.
 

Highest Point

The highest mountain in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro, which measures 5,895 meters (19,341 ft). The mountain is also the largest free-standing mountain rise in the world.
 

Largest Lake

Africa’s largest lake by area is Victoria, a freshwater lake with shorelines in Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. The lake covers an area of 59,940 km² (23,140 sq mi).
 

Country with the Longest Coastline

The island of Madagascar has the longest coastline in Africa, with a total length of 4,828 km (3,000 mi). Somalia has the longest coastline of any country on mainland Africa, with a total length of 3,025 km (1,880 mi).
 

Tallest Building

The tallest building in Africa is The Iconic Building in Cairo, Egypt. The supertall skyscraper was completed in 2023, measures 394 meters (1,292 ft) and has 77 floors.
 

Most Visited Country

In 2022, the continent of Africa was visited by 48 million people. 60% of this number visited Sub-Saharan Africa (which includes Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa, and West Africa), while the remaining 40% visited North Africa.

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