The Countries with the Most (Bordering) Neighbors

April 3, 2024

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There are 195 recognised countries in the world, according to the United Nations (193 member states and two non-member observer states). Some of these are island nations, some are landlocked countries, and others have coastlines as well as international borders.

But which countries border the most nations? Keep reading to find out.

China

Number of land neighbors: 14
Neighboring countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam
Border length: 22,147 km (13,762 miles)

With 14 international borders, China shares the top spot with Russia for having the most neighbors.

Located in Eastern Asia, China shares borders with Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Russia to the north, North Korea to the east, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Bhutan, Nepal, and India to the south, and Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan to the west. The country’s smallest land border is with Afghanistan (76 kilometers), while its largest is with Mongolia (4,677 kilometers).

China is the second-most populous and fourth-largest country in the world. It consists of 33 provinces, regions, and municipalities. China’s capital city is Beijing and its most famous landmark is the Great Wall of China — one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

Interesting fact:

China also shares a border with the former Portuguese colony Macau and another with Hong Kong, which used to be British territory. Both of these now belong to China.

Russia

Number of land neighbors: 14
Neighboring countries: Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, Ukraine
Border length: 20,017 km (12,438 miles)

At 17,098,242 square kilometers, Russia is the largest country in the world, so it shouldn’t come as much of a surprise to learn that it shares first place with China for having the most bordering neighbors. That said, Russia does have an incredibly long coastline (37,653 kilometers), along which it has no neighbors. 

Situated in Eastern Europe, the countries of North Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Georgia lie to the south of Russia, with Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Norway in the east. Russia shares its longest land border with Kazakhstan (6,846 kilometers), and its shortest is with North Korea (19 kilometers).

Russia is the ninth-most populous country in Europe. Its capital city is Moscow, home to some of the country’s most popular tourist attractions, such as the Kremlin, Saint Basil’s Cathedral, and Lenin’s Mausoleum.

Interesting fact:

Russia’s 7,644-kilometer border with Kazakhstan is the world’s second-longest land border after the Canada – US border.

Brazil

Number of land neighbors: 10
Neighboring countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
Border length: 14,691 km (9,129 miles)

Brazil is the largest country in South America and one of 11 countries located on the equator. It has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers to the east, and its bordering countries are Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, and Columbia to the south and west, and Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana to the north. At 597 kilometers, its border with Suriname is the shortest, and its longest is the one it shares with Bolivia, which measures 3,400 kilometers.

The country’s capital city is Brasilia, and its most populous city is Sao Paulo. However, Rio de Janeiro is arguably Brazil’s most famous city, known for its iconic 98-foot-high statue of Christ the Redeemer. Brazil is also recognized for being home to almost 60 percent of the Amazon Rainforest.

Interesting Fact:

Brazil borders every South American country apart from Chile and Ecuador.

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Number of land neighbors: 9
Neighboring countries: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
Border length: 10,730 km (6,670 miles)

Like Brazil, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is located on the equator but in Central Africa rather than South America. It is surrounded by the countries of the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania to the east, Zambia and Angola to the south, and the Republic of the Congo to the west. The smallest is the South Sudan border at 628 kilometers, while the largest is the 2,511-kilometer-long Angola border.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is Africa’s second-largest country after Algeria and the most populous French-speaking country in the world. The country’s largest city, Kinshasa, is the capital and economic center.

Interesting fact:

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is almost a landlocked country, with just 25 miles of coastline to the east.

Germany

Number of land neighbors: 9
Neighboring countries: Austria, Belgium, Czechia, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
Border length: 3,621 km (2,250 miles)

The sixth-largest country in Europe, Germany shares borders with Denmark to the north, Poland and Czechia to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The shortest of these borders is the Germany-Denmark border (68 kilometers), and the longest is the Germany-Czechia border (815 kilometers).

Germany is the second-most populous European country after Russia. Its capital, Berlin, is the most populous city. It is also the most-visited German city, thanks to tourist attractions like Brandenburg Gate and the Berlin Wall.

Interesting fact:

After World War II, Germany’s borders changed, and the country lost about a quarter of the territory it had governed before the war. 

Austria

Number of land neighbors: 8
Neighboring countries: Czechia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland
Border length: 2,562 km (1,592 miles)

Austria is the first landlocked country to appear on this list. The country shares land borders with Germany and Czechia to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The country’s longest border is 784 kilometers, which it shares with Germany, and its shortest is 34 kilometers, which it shares with Liechtenstein.

Located in the Eastern Alps, Austria is a popular skiing destination, but it also attracts visitors for its rich culture, castles, and cathedrals. The country’s capital and most populous city is Vienna.

Interesting fact:

At just 83,900 square kilometers, Austria is the smallest country on this list.

France

Number of land neighbors: 8
Neighboring countries: Andorra, Belgium, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, Spain, Switzerland
Border length: 2,889 km (1795 miles)

This European country is bordered by Belgium and Luxembourg to the north, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy to the east, and Monaco, Andorra, and Spain to the south. Measuring 4.4 kilometers, France’s shortest border is the one it shares with Monaco, and its longest is 623 kilometers, which it shares with Spain. To the west and northwest of France lie the Bay of Biscay, the Celtic Sea, and the English Channel, all of which form part of the North Atlantic Ocean. The country also has a coastline to the south.

Interesting fact:

If the land borders of overseas territories are included, France has borders with 11 neighboring countries.

Serbia

Number of land neighbors: 8
Neighboring countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania
Border length: 2,027 km (1,260 miles)

A landlocked country, Serbia is located in Southern Europe, bordered by Hungary to the north, Romania and Bulgaria to the east, North Macedonia, Kosovo, and Montenegro to the south, and Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia to the west. Serbia’s longest border is with Kosovo (352 kilometers), and its shortest is with North Macedonia (62 kilometers).

Interesting fact:

There are ongoing disputes about land boundaries concerning the border along the Danube River between Serbia and Croatia.

Tanzania

Number of land neighbors: 8
Neighboring countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia
Border length: 3,861 km (2,399 miles)

Tanzania is an East African country which is bordered by Uganda and Kenya to the north, Mozambique and Malawi to the south, and Zambia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda to the west. The country’s longest border is with Kenya (769 kilometers), and the shortest is with Mozambique (756 kilometers).

With a population of more than 67 million, Tanzania is the most populous country located entirely in the southern hemisphere. It is also home to Mount Kilimanjaro — Africa’s highest mountain.  

Interesting fact:

Tanzania has good relationships with its neighbors. In 1999, it signed the East African Cooperation Treaty to ensure peaceful cooperation with Kenya and Uganda.

Türkiye

Number of land neighbors: 8
Neighboring countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Syria
Border length: 2,648 km (1,645 miles)

While some of Türkiye is located in Europe, technically, it is a part of Western Asia. It is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to the north, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Iran to the east, and Iraq and Syria to the south. At just nine kilometers, the Türkiye-Azerbijain border is the shortest, while the longest is the Türkiye-Syria border, which measures 822 kilometers.

Interesting fact:

Totaling 2,648 kilometers, Türkiye has one of the shortest border lengths of all the countries on this list despite being the sixth-largest country by area.

Zambia

Number of land neighbors: 8
Neighboring countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Border length: 5,667 km (3,521 miles)

The second East African country to appear on this list, Zambia is surrounded by the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Mozambique to the east, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west. The border between Zambia and Botswana is the shortest on this list, at just 0.15 kilometers, and Zambia’s border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the longest, at 1,930 kilometers.

Most of Zambia’s 20.5 million citizens live in and around the capital city of Lusaka and the Copperbelt Province to the north of Lusaka, as these are the country’s main economic hubs.

Interesting fact:

The Zambia-Botswana border is the second-shortest border in the world after the Spain-Morocco border.

List of countries and the number of neighboring countries they border

RankCountryNo. of Neighbors
1China14
2Russia14
3Brazil10
4Democratic Republic of the Congo9
5Germany9
6Austria8
7France8
8Saudi Arabia8
9Serbia8
10Tanzania8
11Türkiye8
12Zambia8
13Algeria7
14Hungary7
15India7
16Iran7
17Mali7
18Niger7
19Poland7
20Sudan7
21Ukraine7
22Afghanistan6
23Burkina Faso6
24Cameroon6
25Central African Republic6
26Chad6
27Ethiopia6
28Guinea6
29Iraq6
30Italy6
31Libya6
32Mozambique6
33South Africa6
34South Sudan6
35Argentina5
36Azerbaijan5
37Belarus5
38Bolivia5
39Bulgaria5
40Colombia5
41Côte d'Ivoire5
42Croatia5
43Israel5
44Jordan5
45Kazakhstan5
46Kenya5
47Laos5
48Montenegro5
49Myanmar5
50North Macedonia5
51Peru5
52Republic of the Congo5
53Romania5
54Senegal5
55Slovakia5
56Spain5
57Switzerland5
58Syria5
59Uganda5
60Uzbekistan5
61Albania4
62Angola4
63Armenia4
64Belgium4
65Benin4
66Botswana4
67Czechia4
68Egypt4
69Georgia4
70Greece4
71Guatemala4
72Kyrgyzstan4
73Latvia4
74Lithuania4
75Mauritania4
76Namibia4
77Nigeria4
78Pakistan4
79Rwanda4
80Slovenia4
81Tajikistan4
82Thailand4
83Turkmenistan4
84Zimbabwe4
85Bosnia and Herzegovina3
86Burundi3
87Cambodia3
88Canada3
89Chile3
90Djibouti3
91Eritrea3
92Finland3
93Gabon3
94Ghana3
95Guyana3
96Honduras3
97Indonesia3
98Liberia3
99Luxembourg3
100Malawi3
101Malaysia3
102Mexico3
103Morocco3
104North Korea3
105Norway3
106Oman3
107Palestine3
108Paraguay3
109Somalia3
110Suriname3
111Togo3
112Venezuela3
113Vietnam3
114Western Sahara3
115Andorra2
116Bangladesh2
117Belize2
118Bhutan2
119Costa Rica2
120Ecuador2
121El Salvador2
122Equatorial Guinea2
123Estonia2
124Eswatini2
125Guinea-Bissau2
126Kuwait2
127Lebanon2
128Liechtenstein2
129Moldova2
130Mongolia2
131Nepal2
132Netherlands2
133Nicaragua2
134Panama2
135Sierra Leone2
136Sweden2
137Tunisia2
138United Arab Emirates2
139United States2
140Uruguay2
141Yemen2
142Bahrain1
143Brunei1
144Cyprus1
145Denmark1
146Dominican Republic1
147East Timor1
148Haiti1
149Hong Kong1
150Ireland1
151Lesotho1
152Macao1
153Monaco1
154Papua New Guinea1
155Portugal1
156Qatar1
157Saint Pierre and Miquelon1
158San Marino1
159South Korea1
160Gambia1
161United Kingdom1
162Vatican City1
163Antigua and Barbuda0
164Australia0
165Bahamas0
166Barbados0
167Cabo Verde0
168Comoros0
169Cuba0
170Dominica0
171Micronesia0
172Fiji0
173Grenada0
174Iceland0
175Jamaica0
176Japan0
177Kiribati0
178Madagascar0
179Maldives0
180Malta0
181Marshall Islands0
182Mauritius0
183Nauru0
184New Zealand0
185Palau0
186Philippines0
187Saint Kitts and Nevis0
188Saint Lucia0
189Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0
190Samoa0
191São Tomé and Príncipe0
192Seychelles0
193Singapore0
194Solomon Islands0
195Sri Lanka0
196Taiwan0
197Tonga0
198Trinidad and Tobago0
199Tuvalu0
200Vanuatu0
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