Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is on the northern coast of South America. The country is bordered by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean in the north and Brazil to the south. Guyana borders Venezuela to the east, and Colombia borders it to the southwest and west.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Bolivarian Republic of VenezuelaSouth AmericaSouth AmericaCaracas28,838,4990.36%882,050Venezuelan sovereign bolΓ­varBs.S

The official language of Venezuela is Spanish; other common languages include Chinese, Portuguese, and Italian. Spain colonized Venezuela in 1522, but it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence from Spain just under 300 years later, in 1811.

The country’s landscape varies, from tropical jungles to vast arid plains. Pico BolΓ­var in MΓ©rida State is the highest mountain in Venezuela, with an elevation of 4,978 meters. The longest river in the country is the Orinoco, which has a total length of 2,250 kilometers.

Venezuela has a tropical climate with hot and humid weather. The country’s proximity to the equator means it is megathermal. The Paraguana Peninsula and Guajira Peninsula in the northwest are typically Venezuela’s hottest regions. Cordillera de MΓ©rida, a mountain range in the northwest, has the coldest temperatures in the highest areas.

One of the country’s most popular tourist attractions is the National Pantheon, where many of Venezuela’s national heroes are buried. Angel Falls, the world’s tallest uninterrupted waterfall, is also a popular destination, as is the Los Roques National Park.

Venezuela is a federal presidential republic with a president who acts as both the head of government and head of state. The National Assembly of Venezuela has legislative power, while the Supreme Tribunal of Justice has supreme judicial power.

Venezuela: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Gloria al Bravo Pueblo"
("Glory to the Brave People"),8008 00 N, 66 00 W1UTC βˆ’04:00Not observedright$226,480,000,000$8,560$97,676,000,000$3,692