Uruguay is the second-smallest country in South America. It’s bordered by Argentina to the west and southwest and Brazil to the north and northeast. The Atlantic Ocean borders it to the southeast.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol

The capital of Uruguay is Montevideo, home to around half of the country’s population. Spanish is the official language of Uruguay, although many Italian words have been incorporated into Uruguayan Spanish. Uruguayan PortugueseΒ is also commonly spoken in regions that border Brazil.

Uruguay has a temperate, humid, and subtropical climate. It has distinct summer and winter seasons with transitional spring and fall weather. It’s rare for there to be any extreme temperature differences in the country.

The country has flat and gently rolling plains along the southern, western, and eastern regions. Uruguay also has wooded valleys dotted throughout the country. Mount Catedral is the highest point in the country (514 meters), which sits near the southeastern coast. The longest river flowing through the country is the Uruguay River, which has a total length of 1,838 kilometers.

One of the most iconic landmarks in Uruguay is the Fingers of Punta del Este on Brava Beach. The sculpture shows five fingers emerging from the sand below. Other popular tourist destinations include the Artigas Mausoleum (mausoleum for the nation’s founder), the Fortress of Santa Teresa, and the Mercado AgrΓ­cola de Montevideo market.

The president of Uruguay acts as both the head of government and the head of state. They can serve for five years and can’t serve two consecutive terms. The country is politically stable and is known for its strong democratic structure.

Uruguay: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)