Peru

Peru is a country in South America. Located in the west of the continent, Peru is bordered by the countries of Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. The South Pacific Ocean is to the west.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of PeruSouth AmericaSouth AmericaLima34,352,7190.43%1,279,996Peruvian solS/

The capital of Peru is Lima, the countryโ€™s largest city and the fifth-largest city in South America. Lima is known for its rich culture and historic monuments like the Monastery of San Francisco, Plaza Mayor, and the Cathedral of Lima. However, the countryโ€™s most famous landmark is Machu Picchu in the Andes mountain range. Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

In addition to urban areas and mountains, Peruโ€™s landscape consists of beaches, deserts, and rainforests. Almost half of the country is covered by the Amazon Rainforest, the largest rainforest in the world. The Amazon River โ€” the longest river in South America and the second-longest in the world after the Nile โ€” is also partially located in Peru.ย 

Peruโ€™s climate is diverse as a result of its varied landscapes. The coastal region experiences moderate temperatures, high humidity, and low rainfall. The mountain region is cold, with high rainfall in the summer. Most of the rainforest region is hot with high rainfall. The southernmost part of the rainforest experiences seasonal rainfall and cold winters.

Peru is a semi-presidential republic with a President who is both the head of the state and the head of the government.

Peru: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
Peruvian Spanish
Quechua
Aymara
Ashรกninka
Christianity
"Himno Nacional del Perรบ"
("National Anthem of Peru")
PEPER.pe+512,41410 00 S, 76 00 W1UTC โˆ’05:00Not observedright$576,278,000,000$16,534$277,158,000,000$7,952