Peru is a country in South America. Located in the west of the continent, Peru is bordered by the countries of Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. The South Pacific Ocean is to the west.

Country Profile

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The capital of Peru is Lima, the country’s largest city and the fifth-largest city in South America. Lima is known for its rich culture and historic monuments like the Monastery of San Francisco, Plaza Mayor, and the Cathedral of Lima. However, the country’s most famous landmark is Machu Picchu in the Andes mountain range. Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

In addition to urban areas and mountains, Peru’s landscape consists of beaches, deserts, and rainforests. Almost half of the country is covered by the Amazon Rainforest, the largest rainforest in the world. The Amazon River β€” the longest river in South America and the second-longest in the world after the Nile β€” is also partially located in Peru.Β 

Peru’s climate is diverse as a result of its varied landscapes. The coastal region experiences moderate temperatures, high humidity, and low rainfall. The mountain region is cold, with high rainfall in the summer. Most of the rainforest region is hot with high rainfall. The southernmost part of the rainforest experiences seasonal rainfall and cold winters.

Peru is a semi-presidential republic with a President who is both the head of the state and the head of the government.

Peru: Stats and Facts

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