Paraguay, officially the Republic of Paraguay, is a country in South America. The landlocked country is bordered by Brazil to the east and northeast, Bolivia to the northwest, and Argentina to the south and southwest.

Country Profile

Official NameSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of ParaguaySouth AmericaSouth AmericaAsunción6,861,5240.09%397,302Paraguayan guaraní

Asuncíon, bordered by the Paraguay River, is the capital of Paraguay. Some of the city’s most famous landmarks include the National Pantheon of Heroes, the Independence House Museum, and the Palacio de López (which the president of Paraguay uses as a work base).

Paraguay has a subtropical climate, with warm and humid throughout the year. The country usually experiences maximum rainfall between March and May and October to November. Paraguay’s northern region falls in the equatorial tropics region, while the southern area is subtropical.

The highest point in Paraguay is Cerro Tres Kandú, which has an elevation of 842 meters. It’s located in the hilly region of Ybytyruzú in the Guairá Department. Paraguay’s longest river is the Paraná, which has a total length of 4,880 kilometers. The river also flows through neighboring Argentina and Brazil.

Paraguay was a Spanish colony from the early 16th century until it gained independence in 1811. Modern Paraguay is a republic with a popularly elected president who serves a five-year term. The president appoints both the cabinet and nominates the Council of Ministers.

Most people in Paraguay are bilingual, speaking both Spanish and Guaraní (a native language of Paraguay). The latter is the only indigenous language spoken by many non-indigenous people in the Americas. Approximately 19 other indigenous languages are spoken in the country, including Toba Qom, Angaité, and Enlhet.


Paraguay: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Himno Nacional Paraguayo"
("Paraguayan National Anthem") (landlocked)23 00 S, 58 00 W1UTC −04:00UTC −03:00right$124,568,000,000$16,270$46,667,000,000$6,095