Ecuador

Ecuador, officially the Republic of Ecuador, is on South America’s west coast. It borders the Pacific Ocean to the west, Peru to the east and south, and Colombia to the north. The GalΓ‘pagos Islands in the Pacific are a volcanic archipelago in Ecuador. The islands lie approximately 960 km (596 miles) west of Ecuador’s mainland.

Country Profile

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Ecuador was a Spanish territory from the 16th century until the early 19th century. The country’s official language is Spanish, although several indigenous languages, such as Quichua, are also spoken throughout.

The capital of Ecuador is Quito, which is located on the eastern slopes of the stratovolcano Pichincha. There are over 20 other volcanoes dotted throughout the country. Ecuador is located on the ‘Pacific Ring of Fire’, a tectonic belt characterized by around two-thirds of the world’s volcanoes and over 90% of the world’s earthquakes.

The Sierra mountain range covers around 25% of the country. The Oriente region in the east consists of the western portion of the Ecuadorian Andes and the Amazon basin’s lowlands. Chimborazo, a mountain in the Cordillera Occidental of the Andes, is the highest point in Ecuador and has an elevation of 6,310 meters.

Ecuador has various climates in the different regions. The coastal regions and Amazonian jungle lowlands have a tropical climate with hot summers and warm winters, while the inland areas are cooler, especially at higher elevations. Ecuador’s dry season runs from June until September, and the wet season lasts from December to March.

There is a multi-party system in Ecuador, with a president elected every four years by popular vote. The president acts as head of state and head of the army.

Ecuador: Stats and Facts

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