Brazil

Map pf Brazil with country flag
Brazil (officially called the Federative Republic of Brazil) is a country in South America. It is the largest country on the continent in terms of land area and one of the most populous countries in the world. Bar Ecuador and Chile, Brazil borders all other countries in South America.
 
The federation consists of 26 states and the Federal District (created to serve as the nation’s capital, and containing the capital city of Brasília). Brazil is a Federal presidential constitutional republic, with a president who is both the head of state and head of government.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Federative Republic of BrazilSouth AmericaSouth AmericaBrasília216,422,4462.69%8,358,140Brazilian realR$
The Federation of Brazil consists of 26 states and the Federal District (created to serve as the nation’s capital, and containing the capital city of Brasília). Brazil is a Federal presidential constitutional republic, with a president who is both the head of state and head of government.
 
As a former Portuguese colony, Brazil is the only country in the Americas that uses Portuguese as an official language. The country was under Portuguese rule for over three centuries, eventually ending when Brazil gained independence in the early 19th century.
 
Over half of the great Amazon Rainforest is located in Brazil. The rainforest has been subject to large-scale felling, illegal logging, and gold mining, particularly in Brazil. Around 180 different groups of Indigenous Peoples live in the rainforest, including many uncontacted Indigenous communities.
 
The Amazon River, one of the longest rivers in the world, flows through Brazil. After starting in Peru and flowing into Colombia, the Amazon River runs through Brazil before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.
 
Brazil is dominated by a tropical climate in the north (where the Amazon Rainforest lies) and a humid subtropical climate in the south. The northeast region is particularly dry and sees limited rainfall throughout the year.
 
Christ the Redeemer, a 30 m (98 ft) tall statue in Rio de Janeiro, is one of Brazil’s most iconic landmarks. The country also boasts a variety of natural tourist attractions, such as Copacabana Beach and the Tijuca National Park.

Brazil: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
PortugueseChristianity
"Hino Nacional Brasileiro"
("Brazilian National Anthem")
BRBRA.br+557,49110 00 S, 55 00 W4
UTC −05:00 (Brasília time −2) — Acre and Southwestern Amazonas
UTC −04:00 (Brasília time −1) — Most part of the Amazonas State, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Rondônia, Roraima
UTC −03:00 (Brasília time) — The Southeast Region, the South Region, the Northeast Region (except some islands), Goiás, Distrito Federal, Tocantins, Pará, Amapá
UTC −02:00 (Brasília time +1) — Some islands on the east coast of Brazil (Fernando de Noronha, Trindade and Martim Vaz, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago)
Not observedright$4,257,121,000,000$20,729$2,265,117,000,000$11,029