Palau is an island country in the Micronesia region of Oceania. It consists of around 340 islands in the North Pacific Ocean. Its closest neighbors include Guam to the northeast, Indonesia to the south and west, and the Philippines to the west.ย 

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of PalauOceaniaMicronesiaNgerulmud18,0580.00%459United States dollar$

In 2006, Ngerulmud replaced Koror City as the countryโ€™s capital. Ngerulmud on the island of Babeldaob, the countryโ€™s largest island.

In addition to fishing and agriculture, Palauโ€™s economy is largely dependent on tourism. Each year, thousands of people visit the country for its world-class scuba diving, turquoise waters, white sand beaches, and tropical rainforests. The landscape also consists of mangrove swamps and savanna, with islands ranging from high and mountainous to low coral atolls. The most populous of the countryโ€™s islands are Babeldaob, Koror, Angaur, and Peleliu.

Palau has an equatorial climate, with hot, humid, and rainy weather all year round. Rainfall is heavy throughout the year, and although the months of February through April experience fewer showers and thunderstorms, there is no real dry season. The wettest months are June through October. Despite the countryโ€™s location on the edge of the typhoon belt, tropical cyclones are rare.

Palau is a presidential republic with a President who serves as both the head of the state and the head of the government. Palauโ€™s government consists of three branches: the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary. Executive power is exercised by the government, and legislative power is vested in the government and Congress. The judiciary is independent of the other two branches.

Palau: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
Christianity"Belau rekid"
("Our Palau"),5197 30 N, 134 30 E1UTC +09:00Not observedright$308,000,000$17,448$322,000,000$18,209