Marshall Islands

The Marshall Islands, officially the Republic of the Marshall Islands, is an island country in the Pacific Ocean. The country shares maritime borders with Wake Island to the north and Kiribati to the southeast. The Marshall Islands also share maritime borders with Nauru to the south and the Federated States of Micronesia to the west.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of the Marshall IslandsOceaniaMicronesiaMajuro41,9960.00%181United States dollar$

There are 29 atolls (ring-shaped islands) and five islands in the Marshall Islands. The islands are separated into two chains: Ratak and Ralik. Kwajalein is the largest atoll, with an area of 16 km². 

Majuro, one of the coral atolls, is the capital of the Marshall Islands. The city and atoll are home to a large portion of the Marshall Islands’ population. Majuro has been inhabited for around 2,000 years by Austronesian people.

The Marshall Islands were annexed by the Germans in 1885 and became a German protectorate. Germany gave the Marshall Islands to Japan in 1919 following the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. The US invaded the Marshall Islands in 1944 during the Second World War.

Between 1947 and 1958, the Marshall Islands were used by the United States for over 65 nuclear tests, including the world’s first hydrogen bomb. Many of the islands and atolls remain uninhabitable as they are contaminated with high radiation levels. The Marshall Islands gained independence from the US in 1979.

The Marshall Islands are home to the world’s largest shark sanctuary, which covers an area of approximately 2,000,000 km² (772,000 mi²). Shark fishing is banned in the protected area, and all by-catch has to be released.

There is a tropical climate in the Marshall Islands. The country has hot temperatures and abundant rainfall throughout the year.

Marshall Islands: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
Forever Marshall Islands 00 N, 168 00 E1UTC +12:00Not observedright$277,000,000$6,085$293,000,000$6,443