Map of Australia with country flag

Australia is a sovereign country in the southern hemisphere in the region of Oceania. It is theΒ  sixth largest country in the world in terms of land mass and it is the only country that occupies an entire continent.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The first people to arrive in Australia came from southeast Asia between 50,000 and 65,000 years ago. The Aboriginal people have around 250 separate languages and maintain some of the world’s oldest traditions. They now make up around 3% of Australia’s population.
In the 17th century, a Dutch explorer called Willem Janszoon was the first European to visit Australia. British settlers arrived in the 18th century and the land was claimed for the British Empire. Australia gained its independence from the empire in 1901 and subsequently became a member of the Commonwealth. As a member of the Commonwealth, Australia’s head of state is the British monarch.
Due to its vast size, Australia has a range of different climates, although it’s generally hot and sunny throughout the year. The southern region has a temperate climate, while the north is tropical. Unlike countries in the northern hemisphere, Australia’s summer season is from December to February; fall is from March to May, winter is from June to August, and spring runs from September to November.
Australia is famous for its vast collection of wildlife, 80% of which are endemic to the country. Some of Australia’s most-known animals include kangaroos, koalas, wombats, and wallabies. The Great Barrier Reef, the largest coral reef in the world, spans over 2,300 km (1,430 mi) down Australia’s eastern coastline. The reef is home to over 9,000 different species and 3,000 individual coral reefs.

Australia: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)