Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is a country in the Caribbean. The island nation consists of two main islands and 21 smaller islands. The country is located approximately 11 kilometers off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and 130 km from Grenada.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of Trinidad and TobagoNorth AmericaCaribbeanPort of Spain1,534,9370.02%5,128Trinidad and Tobago dollar$

Port of Spain, located on Trinidad’s northwest coast, is the country’s capital. The city was first settled in 1560 and became the island’s capital in 1757. Other major cities in the country include Chaguanas, San Fernando and Arima.

Trinidad was colonized by the Spanish in 1498 before they surrendered the island to the British in 1797, although the island wasn’t formally ceded until 1802, along with Tobago. The two islands were unified in 1889 before finally gaining independence in 1962.

The country has a tropical climate with hot and humid weather throughout the year. The rainy season typically lasts from June to December, and the dry season from January to May. September is usually the warmest month, and January is the coldest.

El Cerro del Aripo is the highest point in Trinidad and Tobago, with an elevation of 940 meters. The mountain is located in the Aripo Massif on Trinidad near the town of Arima. The Caroni River is the largest river in the country, with a total length of 40 kilometers. The river begins in the island’s Northern Range and flows west towards the Caroni Swamp.

Trinidad and Tobago’s parliamentary democracy is largely based on the UK. However, in 1976, the president replaced the monarch as head of state. The president is elected by an electoral college, which includes members of the Senate and House of Representatives. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

Trinidad and Tobago: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
EnglishChristianity
Forged from the Love of Liberty
TTTTO.tt+-1-86836211 00 N, 61 00 W1UTC −04:00Not observedleft$45,624,000,000$31,946$29,619,000,000$20,739