Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Kitts and Nevis, officially the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis, is a country in the West Indies. The country consists of two islands in the Leeward Islands chain of the Lesser Antilles, which are approximately 3 kilometers away from each other. The combined area of the two areas is approximately 261 km² (101 mi²).

Country Profile

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In 1623, the English were the first Europeans to settle on the island of Saint Kitt. Two years later, the French settled on Saint Kitts, and the island was divided between the two territories. The English also settled on Nevis in 1628. The French ceded Saint Kitt to Britain in the Treaty of Paris (1783). Saint Kitts and Nevis gained independence from Great Britain in 1983.

Basseterre is the country’s capital and largest city. The port city is located on the southwestern coast of Saint Kitts and is one of the oldest towns in the Eastern Caribbean (having been settled in 1627). Other major cities in the country include Cayon, Sandy Point Town, and Gingerland.

Saint Kitts and Nevis have a tropical climate with hot, humid weather throughout the year. However, by the commonly used Köppen climate classification system, Saint Kitts has a tropical savanna climate, while Nevis has a tropical monsoon climate.

Mount Liamuiga (originally known as Mount Misery) is the highest point in the country. The mountain has an elevation of 1,156 meters (3,793 ft) and stands on the island of Saint Kitts. There are only two permanent rivers in the country: Cayon and Wingfield.

Saint Kitts and Nevis has a federal parliamentary democracy. The British monarch serves as head of state, who is represented by the governor-general. The prime minister is the majority party leader in the National Assembly.

Saint Kitts and Nevis: Stats and Facts

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