Mexico (officially called the United Mexican States) is a country in North America. It sits in the southern portion of the continent, with the United States to the north and the Pacific Ocean bordering it to the south and west. The countries of Guatemala andย Belize and the Caribbean Sea lie to the southeast, with the Gulf of Mexico to the east.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The United Mexican StatesNorth AmericaCentral AmericaMexico City128,455,5661.60%1,943,945Mexican peso$

The country comprises 31 states, with Mexico City as its capital. Mexico is led by a government based on a multi-partyย congressional system. The president of Mexico acts as both the head of state and the head of the government. Each president is limited to a single six-year term.

The climate in Mexico is tropical, with hot temperatures throughout the year. Rainfall is at its lowest from December to March. The north tends to experience less precipitation than the south.

The country has a landscape of extremes, with mountain ranges such as the Sierra Madre and deep canyons such as the Copper Canyon. Dense rainforests lie in the south and east regions, and deserts lie in the north.

Mexican culture is a rich mixture of Spanish and Native American heritage. The country has produced many famous artists, such as Frida Kahlo, Josรฉ Guadalupe Posada, and Diego Rivera. Some of the most popular tourist attractions in the city include the pre-Colombian city of Chichen Itza and the Tulum Ruins.

Spain ruled the country for three centuries until 1821, which is the major reason whyย Spanish is the primary language today for the majority of Mexicans. Prior to the arrival of Spanish settlers, Mexico was one of the ‘cradles of civilization’ in the New World. The ancient civilizations are credited for inventing and developing various systems, such as astronomy, medicine, and mathematics.

Mexico: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
None (Spanish has de facto status)Christianity
"Himno Nacional Mexicano"
("Mexican National Anthem"),33023 00 N, 102 00 W4
UTC โˆ’08:00 โ€” Baja California
UTC โˆ’07:00 โ€” Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Nayarit, Sinaloa and Sonora
UTC โˆ’06:00 โ€” most of Mexico
UTC โˆ’05:00 โ€” Quintana Roo