Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras, is a country in Central America (a subregion of North America). The country is bordered by the Gulf of Fonseca in the Pacific Ocean in the south. It’s bordered by the Gulf of Honduras in the Caribbean Sea to the north. Honduras shares land borders with Guatemala to the west, El Salvador to the southwest, and Nicaragua to the southeast.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of HondurasNorth AmericaCentral AmericaTegucigalpa10,593,7980.13%111,890Honduran lempiraL

The country was a Spanish colony from the 15th century until 1821. Following its independence, Honduras briefly joined the Mexican Empire before it fell in 1823. Honduras was then a member of the Central American FederationΒ before it fell in 1839. The country has since been an independent nation.

There are four distinct regions in Honduras: the Pacific lowlands, the northern coastal plains and mountains, the central highlands, and the eastern Caribbean lowlands. Although Honduras is the only country in Central America without volcanoes, it has many mountains. The highest peak in Honduras is Mount Las Minas.

The majority of the population lives in the central highlands. Honduras’ economy is primarily based on agriculture; coffee, tea, mate and spice are the country’s main exports.

Tegucigalpa, a city in the mountains with an elevation of 975 meters, is the capital of Honduras. Some of the city’s most famous landmarks include the 18th-century Cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel and the Museum of National Identity, which charts Honduras’ history. Much of the architecture in Tegucigalpa is from the Spanish colonial period.

The climate in Honduras is tropical, with hot and humid weather throughout the year. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is along the Pacific Coast, and the coldest region is in the central highlands.

Honduras is a democratic republic with a president who serves as both head of state and head of government. The National Congress of Honduras has legislative power, and the government has executive power.

Honduras: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Himno Nacional de Honduras"
("National Anthem of Honduras")
HNHND.hn+50483215 00 N, 86 30 W1UTC βˆ’06:00Not observedright$79,186,000,000$7,429$35,882,000,000$3,366