Haiti is a Caribbean country located on the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with the Dominican Republic to the east. Haiti’s territory also consists of several islands, including Tortuga, Gonâve, Île à Vache, and the Cayemites. The islands of Jamaica and Cuba lie to the west of the country, and Turks and Caicos are to the north. The disputed territory of Navassa Island lies to the southwest.

Country Profile

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The capital of Haiti is Port-au-Prince. The city is located in the southeast, close to Étang Saumâtre, the country’s largest lake.

Haiti’s terrain is largely mountainous. Its highest point is Pic la Selle, a mountain in the southeast of the country that rises 2,680 meters (8,793 ft). In addition to mountains, the country’s landscape consists of rivers, beaches, coastal plains, and tropical rainforests. Its most famous landmarks include the fortress at Citadelle Laferrière and the Sans-Souci Palace in the town of Milot.

Haiti’s position at the northern end of the Caribbean Plate makes it prone to earthquakes, with the country experiencing many major earthquakes.

The climate of Haiti is tropical, with hot, humid weather all year round. May through October is especially muggy. However, there is some respite between November and March thanks to trade winds that bring temperatures down. Haiti has a rainy season, which runs from April to October, and a dry season, which runs from December to February.

Haiti is a semi-presidential republic with a President who serves as the head of the state and a Prime Minister who acts as the head of the government. The President is popularly elected every five years. They appoint the Prime Minister from the majority party in the National Assembly.

Haiti: Stats and Facts

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