Dominica, officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island nation in the Caribbean. The island is located in the Caribbean Sea, in the Windward Islands chain in the Lesser Antilles archipelago. Geographically, Dominica is closest to Guadeloupe (an overseas department of France) and Martinique.

Country Profile

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Roseau, located on the island’s western side, is Dominica’s capital. The city serves as an important trading port for the island. Other major cities in Dominica include Portsmouth, Marigot, and Salisbury.

The country is a democratic republic with a prime minister who serves as head of government and a president who serves as head of state. From 1715 until 1763, Dominica was a French colony before becoming a British colony from 1763 to 1978. English remains the country’s official language, although Dominican Creole (based on French) is also widely spoken.

Morne Diablotins, which stands at 1,447 meters (4,747 ft) above sea level, is the highest point on Dominica. It’s also the second-highest peak in the Lesser Antilles. The mountain is named after the Black-capped Petrel bird (called diablotín in Dominican Creole), which is native to the West Indies.

Dominica has a tropical maritime climate. There is little seasonal variation, with hot and humid weather throughout the year. The country is on the so-called hurricane belt and is vulnerable to severe hurricanes.

Most of Dominica is covered by rainforest that runs north to south. Dominica is one of the world’s most rain-drenched areas. The island’s wet season lasts from May to November, with the heaviest rainfall from August until the end of the year. Dominica’s dry season typically lasts from February until April.

Dominica: Stats and Facts

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