Cuba is an island country located at the confluence of the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic Ocean. Its closest neighbors include the US state of Florida and the Bahamas to the north, Turks and Caicos Islands and Haiti to the east, Jamaica and the Cayman Islands to the south, and Mexico to the west. Along with the main island of Cuba, Cubaโ€™s territory includes thousands of other islands that surround the main island, including the Isla de la Juventud, the countryโ€™s second-largest.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of CubaNorth AmericaCaribbeanHavana11,194,4490.14%109,820Cuban peso$

The capital of Cuba is Havana, which is in the north of the country. It is the most populous city and the largest by area. Santiago de Cuba, located in the south of the island, is the second-largest city.

By land area, Cubaโ€™s main island is the largest in the Caribbean. Its terrain is largely flat with gently rolling hills, though there are mountains in the center, northwest, and southeast. The highest of these mountains is Pio Turquino, in the southeast, which rises 6,476 feet. The lowland plains consist mostly of farmland, but there are some small deserts too. The coastal area may be renowned for its white sand beaches, but it is also characterized by mangroves and swamps.

Cubaโ€™s climate is tropical, with consistently warm temperatures throughout the year. It has a dry season, which runs from November through April, and a wet season, which runs from May through October. The countryโ€™s wet season coincides with the Atlantic hurricane season, which can bring intense downpours.

Cuba is one of only a few socialist countries in the world. The Communist Party of Cuba is the only political party. Cuba has a President who serves as both the head of the state and the Commander of the Armed Forces and a Prime Minister who is the head of the government.

Cuba: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"El Himno de Bayamo"
("The Anthem of Bayamo"),73521 30 N, 80 00 W1UTC โˆ’05:00UTC โˆ’04:00right#N/A#N/A#N/A#N/A