Belize is a country in Central America (a subregion of North America). It sits on the continent’s northeastern coast and is bordered by Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west and south. The Caribbean Sea borders Belize to the east, while the country shares a water border with Honduras to the southeast. 

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
BelizeNorth AmericaCentral AmericaBelmopan410,8250.01%22,806Belize dollar$

Between 1783 and 1964, Belize (then called British Honduras) was a British colony. The country was the last remaining British colony on the American mainland. The country became a self-governing colony before being renamed ‘Belize’ in 1973 and gaining full independence in 1981. The British monarch is the country’s head of state, while Belize’s prime minister is the head of government.

Belize has a subtropical climate. The country’s wet season lasts from May to October, while the dry season lasts from November to April. Rain falls throughout the year but only in short bursts during the dry season. Rainfall is heaviest in southern regions and jungles at lower altitudes.

Despite only being founded in 1970, Belmopan is the capital of Belize. It was built as a planned city in the Cayo District in west Belize. The capital of British Honduras was Belize City. However, the city was almost destroyed by Hurricane Hattie in 1961. The government was moved to Belmopan when it became the new capital.

Belize: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
EnglishChristianityLand of the 15 N, 88 45 W1UTC −06:00Not observedright$5,300,000,000$11,529$3,370,000,000$7,330