Barbados is an island country in the West Indies. It is the most easterly of the Caribbean islands in North America. Despite being considered part of the Lesser Antilles (a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea), Barbados lies within the western Atlantic Ocean.

Country Profile

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Barbados was an English colony from 1627 and later became a British colony until 1966, when it gained independence. The island became a Commonwealth realm with Elizabeth IIΒ asΒ Queen of Barbados. In 2021, Barbados became a republic within the Commonwealth.

Much of Barbados is flat, with gently rolling hills and terraced plains. Mount Hillaby, with an elevation of 340 meters, is the highest point on the island. Around 85% of the island consists of coralline limestone, most of which has sugarcane planted on the surface.

Bridgetown, a port city on the island’s southwest coast, is the capital of Barbados. Other major cities on the island include Speightstown, Oistins, and Bathsheba, although the populations in these cities are small compared to Bridgetown.

Barbados has a tropical oceanic climate. The island has hot, humid weather throughout the year with little seasonal or daily temperature variation. The wet season lasts from June to December, while the dry season lasts from December to May. There are occasional hurricanes, earthquakes, and landslides on the island. However, as Barbados lies outside the Atlantic hurricane belt, it’s spared from the worst of hurricanes and regional tropical storms.

Barbados: Stats and Facts

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