The Bahamas

The Bahamas is an island country in the Caribbean. Located in the North Atlantic Ocean, it lies just off the coast of Florida, with Cuba and Haiti to the south and the Turks and Caicos Islands to the east. It consists of more than 3,000 islands, the most populous of which is New Providence. New Providence is where the country’s capital, Nassau, is located. Other inhabited islands include the largest island, Andros, Grand Bahama, Cat Island, Eleuthera, Long Island, San Salvador Island, and Rum Cay.

Country Profile

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All of the islands in the Bahamas are low and flat. The country’s highest point is Mount Alvernia on Cat Island, which is just 64 meters (210 feet) high. The landscape largely consists of rocks, mangrove swamps, and low scrub, although tropical forests grow on the northern islands of Grand Bahama, Great Abaco, New Providence, and Andros, as well as on some of the southern islands. There is just one river in the Bahamas and only a few freshwater lakes. However, the waters around the Bahamas are renowned for their clarity and colorful marine life. They are home to one of the world’s largest underwater cave systems and the third-largest barrier reef in the world.

The climate of the Bahamas is mostly tropical, with a hot, rainy season from May through October and a warm, dry season from November through April. The northwestern islands of Grand Bahama, Little Abaco, Andros, and New Providence are cooler in winter and wetter in summer. Hurricanes and tropical storms occasionally impact the country.

The Bahamas is a parliamentary democracy with a Prime Minister who is the head of the government. As a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the UK monarch is the head of the state, represented locally by a governor-general. The politics of the Bahamas is based on the Westminster system.

The Bahamas: Stats and Facts

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