Vatican City

Vatican City is a landlocked city-state in Southern Europe. It is located in Italy, in the heart of Rome, west of the city’s historic center. At just under half a square kilometer and with a population of fewer than 800, it is the smallest country in the world.Β 

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
Vatican City StateEuropeSouthern EuropeVatican City5170.00%0Euro€

The country’s tiny population consists of members of the clergy and diplomats of the Holy See β€” the country’s central government. Citizenship is not possible by birth or blood; it is only given to those who live in the country for work or office.

Vatican City is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. The head of the Catholic Church β€” the Pope β€” is the head of the state and government. His official title is Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City. When a Pope dies or resigns, a new one is elected by the College of Cardinals.

Each year, millions of people visit Vatican City for its world-famous landmarks, such as St Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, the Vatican Apostolic Library, and the Vatican Museums, containing some of the most famous paintings and sculptures in the world. This is vital for the country’s economy, which relies heavily on tourism and donations from the Catholic Church. Vatican City has no taxes, and items that are for sale β€” such as postage stamps, publications, and museum merchandise β€” are duty-free. Visitors do not need a passport to enter the country.

In 1984, Vatican City became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Vatican City: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving Side
Latin (formerly)
"Marche Pontificale"
("Pontifical Anthem and March") (landlocked)41 54 N, 12 27 E1UTC +01:00UTC +02:00rightno datano datano datano data

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