United Kingdom

Map of United Kingdom with country flag

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, more commonly known as the United Kingdom or UK, is a sovereign country located off the northwestern coast of mainland Europe. 

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The UK spans an archipelago that includes the island of Great Britain (which comprises England, Scotland, and Wales), the northeastern part of neighboring island Ireland (Northern Ireland), and various smaller islands. Geographically, The United Kingdom is positioned between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, with the English Channel to the south, which separates it from continental Europe. 
England, the largest and most populous country in the UK, occupies the southern part of the island of Great Britain. It is characterized by fertile plains, rolling hills, and a network of rivers. The iconic River Thames flows through London, the capital and largest city of the UK. 
Scotland, known for its mountainous terrain and deep-blue lochs, lies in the north of the island of Great Britain. The country boasts vibrant cities like Edinburgh and Glasgow, with their historic architecture and cultural festivals.
Wales, located in the west of Great Britain, is known for its mountainous landscapes, including Snowdonia (Eryri) National Park, home to the highest peak in Wales, Mount Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa).
Northern Ireland, situated on the island of Ireland to the west of Great Britain, shares a border with the Republic of Ireland to the south and west. Belfast, the capital and largest city, played a significant role in the Industrial Revolution and is known for its shipbuilding heritage.
The United Kingdom operates under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. The monarch, as the ceremonial head of state, shares power with the elected government. The Parliament, which is located in Westminster, consists of two houses: the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The Prime Minister, elected from the majority party in the House of Commons, leads the executive branch.

United Kingdom: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)