Switzerland

Switzerland (officially the Swiss Confederation) is a country in Western Europe. The landlocked country is bordered by Germany to the north, Italy to the south, France to the west, and Liechtenstein and Austria to the east.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Swiss ConfederationEuropeWestern EuropeBern8,796,6690.11%39,997Swiss francFr

Over half of Switzerland is covered by mountains. The Alps cover most of the southern region, while the densely forested Jura mountains lie to the west. The hilly Central Plateau is the third main geographical feature of Switzerland and lies between the Swiss Alps and the Jura Mountains.

The four official languages of Switzerland are German, French, Italian, and Romansh. French is mainly spoken in Switzerland’s western region, Italian is mainly spoken in the south, and Romansh is spoken in the east. German is the most common language in Switzerland and is spoken by the majority of the population.

Bern is the country’s capital city and is where the Swiss Parliament meets. Bern Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site; it has remained largely unchanged since it was constructed between the 12th and 15th centuries. Some of Switzerland’s other popular landmarks include the Rhine Falls (Europe’s biggest waterfall), Chateau de Chillon on Lake Geneva, and Basel Minster in the city of Basel.

Switzerland is famously neutral when it comes to armed conflict. It has remained neutral for over four centuries and will only use its forces for internal security or for self-defense. The country has been a member of the United Nations since 2002. Geneva, a city in the south, is home to one of the four major United Nations offices and the headquarters of the Red Cross.

The Swiss climate is mainly temperate, with four distinct seasons. It has warm summers and cold winters, with a snowy climate in mountainous areas and warmer temperatures in the country’s southern region.

Switzerland: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
French
German
Italian
Romansh
Christianity
"Schweizerpsalm"
("Swiss Psalm")
CHCHE.ch+410 (landlocked)47 00 N, 8 00 E1UTC +01:00UTC +02:00right$820,699,000,000$92,519$977,947,000,000$110,246