Slovenia is located in Southern Europe, bordered by the countries of Austria and Hungary to the north, Croatia to the east and south, and Italy to the west. It also has a short coastline on the Adriatic Sea to the southwest.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of SloveniaEuropeSouthern EuropeLjubljana2,119,6740.03%20,151Euro

Slovenia’s capital and largest city is Ljubljana. Situated in both the center of the country and the center of Europe, the city lies along a trade route and has been a convenient meeting place for merchants, soldiers, and peacemakers for centuries.

The country is largely forested and mountainous. Triglav in the Julian Alps mountain range is the highest point. Along with the Alps, the country’s other major mountain range is the Dinarides. In addition to forests and mountains, Slovenia’s landscape consists of underground rivers, valleys, and caves, as well as plains in the east and a coastline from the border with Croatia to the border with Italy. 

The climate along the coast is Mediterranean, with warm, sunny summers and cool winters. The mountainous regions have an alpine climate with cold, snowy winters and cool to warm summers. The climate in the rest of the country is mostly continental, with sunny summers and crisp winters. While it can be windy in neighboring countries, Slovenia’s wind speeds are lower due to its location in the slipstream of the Alps.

Slovenia has had a parliamentary form of government since its independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991. An elected President serves as the head of the state and the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. Their role is largely ceremonial. The head of the government is the Prime Minister — usually the leader of the majority party in the National Assembly.

Slovenia: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
("A Toast")[p] 07 N, 14 49 E1UTC +01:00UTC +02:00right$113,604,000,000$53,698$73,865,000,000$34,914