Map of Russia with country flag

Russia is the largest country in the world by area. It extends across Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, and spans 11 time zones.ย 

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Russian FederationEuropeEastern EuropeMoscow144,444,3591.80%16,377,742Russian rubleโ‚ฝ
The north of Russia is bordered mostly by the Arctic Ocean, and the country has one of the longest coastlines in the world. It shares land borders with 14 countries: North Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Georgia to the south and Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, and Norway to the east.
Russiaโ€™s capital is Moscow, the countryโ€™s largest city. Its second-largest city is Saint Petersburg. These cities are home to some of the countryโ€™s most famous landmarks, such as the Kremlin, Saint Basilโ€™s Cathedral, Lenin’s Mausoleum, the Winter Palace of Peter the Great, and the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood.
There are nine major mountain ranges in Russia. One of these mountain ranges is the Caucasus Mountains, which contains Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe. Russia is also home to Lake Baikal, the oldest and deepest lake in the world, and the Volga River, the longest river in Europe.
Russiaโ€™s climate varies due to its vast size. Much of the country only experiences two seasons: winter and summer. Winters range from cool along the Black Sea coast to subarctic in Siberia, while summers are warm in the south and cool along the Arctic coast.
Russia is a symmetric federal republic with a semi-presidential system. The President is the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of the government. All constituent states possess equal powers.

Russia: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"
("State Hymn of the Russian Federation"),65360 00 N, 100 00 E11
UTC +02:00 โ€” Kaliningrad Oblast
UTC +03:00 โ€” Moscow, much of European Russia
UTC +04:00 โ€” Astrakhan Oblast, Samara Oblast, Saratov Oblast, Udmurtia, and Ulyanovsk Oblast
UTC +05:00 โ€” Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Khantyโ€“Mansia, Kurgan Oblast, Orenburg Oblast, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Tyumen Oblast, and Yamalia
UTC +06:00 โ€” Omsk Oblast
UTC +07:00 โ€” Altai Krai, Altai Republic, Kemerovo Oblast, Khakassia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Novosibirsk Oblast, Tomsk Oblast, and Tuva
UTC +08:00 โ€” Buryatia and Irkutsk Oblast
UTC +09:00 โ€” Amur Oblast, western Sakha Republic, and Zabaykalsky Krai
UTC +10:00 โ€” Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, and central Sakha Republic
UTC +11:00 โ€” Magadan Oblast, eastern Sakha, and Sakhalin Oblast
UTC +12:00 โ€” Chukotka and Kamchatka Krai
Not observedright$5,225,542,000,000$36,562$1,904,336,000,000$13,324