Poland

Poland is a country in Europe. Located in the region of Eastern Europe, it is bordered by the Baltic Sea and the countries of Russia and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czechia to the south, and Germany to the west.

Country Profile

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The capital and largest city is Warsaw. Warsaw’s old town is one of 17 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Poland. Others include Malbork Castle in Malbork, Centennial Hall in Wrocław, and Białowieża Forest on the Poland-Belarus border.

Poland’s landscapes range from sandy beaches in the north to the Sudetes and Carpathian mountain ranges in the south. The country’s highest point is Mount Rysy in the Carpathians. Its longest river is the Vistula. Poland also has thousands of lakes, the largest of which is Lake Śniardwy in the Masurian Lake District.

The climate in Poland is continental. It experiences extremely cold winters and warm summers. While the sun shines for a good number of hours on summer days, it is rarely seen during the winter months. Poland doesn’t receive much rainfall, but it is more frequent during the summer.

Poland is a parliamentary republic and a representative democracy. The President is the head of the state, and the Prime Minister is the head of the government. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President, who is democratically elected for a five-year term.

Poland: Stats and Facts

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