Map of the Netherlands and country flag

The Netherlands is a country in Western Europe. The North Sea bounds it to the west and north, Germany to the east, and Belgium to the south. The Kingdom of the Netherlands also includes the overseas constituent countries of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, and the three special municipalities of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (known as the Caribbean Netherlands).  

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands. The city is characterized by its intricate canal system, countless bicycles, and historic architecture. It is home to landmarks and tourist attractions like the Royal Palace, Centraal Station, the Van Gough Museum, and the Anne Frank House. Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht are some of the country’s other large cities.
The topography of the Netherlands is largely flat, with a quarter of its land below sea level. There are foothills in the country’s southeast, but they are no more than 321 meters high. Thanks to its exceptionally fertile soil, more than half the country’s land is used for agriculture. The Netherlands is where the Rhine, Meuse, and Scheldt rivers meet as they flow into the North Sea. Behind the North Sea dunes, near the cities of Amsterdam and The Hague, is the Bollenstreek β€” an area of flower fields where tulips, daffodils, and hyacinths grow.
The Netherlands has a temperate maritime climate with mild summers and winters and rain all year round. This is due to its proximity to the North Sea.
The country is governed under a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The monarch is the head of the state, and the Prime Minister is the head of the executive branch of the government.

Netherlands: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)