Montenegro is a country in Southern Europe. It shares land borders with Serbia to the northeast, Kosovo to the east, Albania to the southeast, and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest. The Adriatic Sea bounds the country to the southwest.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol

The capital of Montenegro is Podgorica. One of the country’s major rivers, the Morača River, flows through the city towards nearby Lake Skadar, the largest lake in Southern Europe. Located at the northern end of the Zeta Plain, Podgorica’s terrain is relatively flat — unlike the rest of the country, which is largely mountainous. There are high mountains along the country’s borders and near the coast, and the Durmitor and Dinaric ranges run through the central regions. The country’s highest point is Zla Kolata, on the border with Albania in the Accursed mountain range.

Montenegro’s climate varies depending on the region. The coast has a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters, while the interior has a sub-alpine climate with warm summers and very cold winters. The country receives heavy rainfall between the months of September and April, especially along the coast and in the mountains. These downpours are not frequent, but they are intense and can be torrential. Afternoon thunderstorms also occur in the mountains and interior region during late spring and summer.

Montenegro is a parliamentary republic. It has a President who serves as the head of the state and a Prime Minister who is the head of the government. The President, who is directly elected, appoints the Prime Minister.

Montenegro: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)