Moldova is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. It is surrounded by Ukraine to the north, east, and south and Romania to the west.

Country Profile

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Moldova’s capital and largest city is Chișinău. It is located in the center of the country on the Bîc River, a tributary of the Dniester River.

The Dniester River is Moldova’s main water artery. It flows through the country from north to south, forming part of the eastern border with Ukraine. Moldova is separated from Romania in the west by the Prut River, a tributary of the Danube — the second-longest river in Europe after the Volga. Moldova’s only port, Giurgiulești, can be found where the Prut meets the Danube in the far southwest of the country. 

Due to its location east of the Carpathian Mountains, Moldova’s terrain is largely hilly. The highest point is Bălănești Hill, with an elevation of just over 439 meters (1,400 feet). The country’s landscape also consists of plateaus, plains, and forests.

The climate of Moldova is continental, with warm summers and cold winters. Moldova is small with low elevations, which means the weather is fairly consistent everywhere, though the north can experience snowfall while the south does not.

Moldova is a constitutional republic with a President as the head of the state and a Prime Minister as the head of the government. Moldova’s constitution divides the government into three branches: the executive, the legislative, and an independent judiciary.

Moldova: Stats and Facts

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