Malta, officially the Republic of Malta, is an archipelago in Southern Europe. The island nation sits in the central Mediterranean Sea between Libya and Tunisia on the North African coast and the island of Sicily. There are five islands in Malta, although only the three largest (Malta, Gozo, and Comino) are inhabited.

Country Profile

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Valletta, on the northeast island of Malta, is the country’s capital and the smallest national capital in the European Union (EU). Other major towns and cities in the country include Birgu, Mdina, and St. Julian’s. The island nation has been inhabited since at least 5,900 BC and has been ruled by several empires. Malta was a British colony from 1814 until 1964 and English remains one of Malta’s official languages, along with Maltese.

Malta has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild winters. The country’s inland areas tend to have higher temperatures than coastal regions. Snow is extremely rare, while rainfall tends to occur in fall and winter.

There are many harbors throughout Malta, thanks to the various bays dotted throughout the islands’ coastlines. Malta has a mostly flat terrain; the highest point on the archipelago is Β Ta’ Dmejrek in the Dingli Cliffs, which has an elevation of 253 meters. Malta has no permanent rivers or lakes, so the country’s freshwater supply is limited. The country largely relies on desalination to provide water.

Some of Malta’s most popular tourist attractions and landmarks include St. John’s Co-CathedralΒ in Valletta, the Ggantija Temples (designated a UNESCO World Heritage) on Gozo, and the Old City in Mdina.

Malta: Stats and Facts

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