Lithuania is a country in Northern Europe. Along with Latvia and Estonia, it is one of the three Baltic countries. It shares land borders with Latvia to the north and east, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Russia to the west. The country also has a coastline on the Baltic Sea to the west.

Country Profile

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The country’s capital and largest city is Vilnius. The city’s Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, containing almost 2,000 medieval, baroque, gothic, and Renaissance buildings.

Lithuania’s natural landscape includes sandy beaches, lagoons, lakes, rivers, and forests. Trees dominate the landscape, covering more than a third of the country’s landmass. At just under 1,000 feet high, Aukštojas Hill in the Medininkai Highlands is the highest point in Lithuania. However, most of the country’s terrain is flat. Lithuania’s longest river is the Neman River, which forms the northern border of Russia’s Kaliningrad Oblast exclave.

The climate of Lithuania is semi-continental, with four distinct seasons: winter, spring, summer, and fall. Winter runs from December through February, spring runs from March through May, summer is from June through August, and fall is from September through November. Winters in Lithuania are very cold, and summers are mild and rainy. Rain and snowfall occur throughout the year, with the coast experiencing more rainfall than the interior. Severe storms are also common in the coastal areas.

Lithuania is a semi-presidential republic with a president who is the head of the state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, and a prime minister who is the head of the government. The President — who is directly elected for a five-year term — appoints the Prime Minister. Together, they appoint the other cabinet members.

Lithuania: Stats and Facts

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