Map of Italy and country flag

Italy is a country in southern Europe in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea. It shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the microstates of Vatican City and San Marino.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
Rome is the capital city of Italy and is famous for the likes of the Sistine Chapel, the Colosseum, and the Roman Forum. The city was at the heart of the Roman Empire, one of history’s largest and longest-lasting empires. Rome is often considered to be one of the cradle of Western civilization. Today, Rome is one of the most populated cities in Europe and a popular tourist attraction due to its stunning architecture, food, and art. Vatican City, a city-state surrounded by Rome, is the smallest country in the world.
Italy’s climate can be categorized into alpine, Mediterranean,Β and temperate. The country tends to have hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. The climate is largely influenced by the Mediterranean Sea, which creates heat and humidity across the territory.
The country is joined to the rest of the European continent by the Alps mountain range. The sea surrounds Italy, except from where it joins the mainland continent in the country’s northern region. There are over 1,000 lakes in Italy, although most are formed from the artificial damming of river valleys.
Around 40% of Italy’s landscape is mountainous; the country’s highest peaks are in the West Alps. Mont Blanc, the highest mountain in western Europe, is located on the French-Italian border. The mountain measures 4,808Β meters (15,774)Β feet above sea level.

Italy: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)