Iceland is Europe’s westernmost country and lies between the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. The small Nordic island nation is sparsely populated; a large portion of the country’s population lives in Reykjavík, Iceland’s capital.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol

The volcanic country is famous for its hot springs, lava fields and glaciers. Iceland is often called the ‘land of fire and ice’ due to this dramatic combination. The highest point in the country is Hvannadalshnjúkur, which has an elevation of 2,110 meters. The peak sits on the summit crater of the Öræfajökull volcano.

There are ice fields and fjords throughout the country. The fjords are formed by glaciers that leave deep indentations in the shoreline. Iceland’s longest river, the Þjórsá, is a glacier river that is fed by the Hofsjökull glacier. The river stretches 230 kilometers from Hofsjökull out into the Atlantic Ocean.

Iceland has an oceanic climate, with cool summers and mild winters. Summers are usually warmer in the southern region and winters are colder in the north. The country frequently experiences storms and rainfall.

Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Iceland include the Blue Lagoon, the Geysir hot spring and Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon. Aside from natural wonders, some of Iceland’s most iconic landmarks include the Hallgrímskirkja church and the Sólfarið sculpture (both in Reykjavík).

Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is the country’s official language. English and Danish are commonly taught in schools across the country too.

The president of Iceland acts as the head of state, while the country’s prime minister is the head of government. Although the president is directly elected, the prime minister is formally nominated by the president.

Iceland: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)