Estonia is a country in Northern Europe. It borders the Gulf of Finland to the north, Russia and Lake Peipus to the east, Latvia to the south, and the Baltic Sea to the west. The country consists of a mainland and more than 2,200 islands. The two largest islands are Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, both located off the mainland’s west coast.

Country Profile

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Tallinn is Estoniaโ€™s capital city. It is also the largest, followed by Tartu. Both cities are located on the mainland.

Estoniaโ€™s natural landscape consists of forests, moors, swamps, coastlines, rivers, and lakes. The country has more than 1,500 natural lakes, the largest of which is Lake Peipus. It also has more than 7,000 rivers, streams, and canals, the longest of which is the River Vรตhandu. Estoniaโ€™s terrain is mostly flat, with its highest peak, Suur Munamรคgi, measuring 318 meters high.

The climate of Estonia is similar to that of Scandinavia, with long, cold winters and relatively short, warm summers. It is the coldest of the Baltic countries due to its northernmost location in the region. The northern coast can be particularly cold when the Gulf of Finland freezes in the winter, as can the western coastal areas when the Baltic Sea freezes over.

Estonia is a democratic parliamentary republic. The President is the head of the state; however, their role is primarily representative and ceremonial. The Prime Minister is the head of the government. Their role is to lead the government in carrying out domestic and foreign policy.

Estonia: Stats and Facts

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