Bulgaria is one of ten countries that make up the region of Eastern Europe. The countries of Romania border it to the north, Tรผrkiye and Greece to the south, and North Macedonia and Serbia to the west. It is bounded by the Black Sea to the east.

Country Profile

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Bulgariaโ€™s capital and largest city is Sofia. Its second-largest city is Plovdiv. At approximately 8,000 years old, Plovdiv is the oldest city in Europe and one of the oldest cities in the world.

The landscape in Bulgaria is varied, consisting of vast plains, rugged mountains, and beautiful beaches. It has a long coastline on its western side, the Danubian Plain in the north, and the Thracian Plain in the south. The Balkan Mountains dissect the country from west to east. Most of the countryโ€™s rivers are short and shallow. Its longest river is the Iskar, which is 368 kilometers (229 miles) long.

Despite Bulgariaโ€™s small size, its climate is also varied. In the north of the country, summers are hot, and winters are cold and rainy. In the south, winters are milder, and summers are warm rather than unbearably hot. The coastal region experiences a pleasant climate thanks to the sea breeze that keeps temperatures down, combined with the Balkan Mountains, which act as a barrier against strong winds. The coldest parts of the country are in the mountains, which also experience more precipitation than elsewhere.

Bulgaria operates under a parliamentary democracy with a Prime Minister as the head of the government and a President as the head of the state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

Bulgaria: Stats and Facts

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