Türkiye, officially the Republic of Türkiye, is a country that lies between Southeast Europe and West Asia. Most of the country lies on the Anatolian Peninsula in West Asia, while the remaining portion of land sits on the East Thrace on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. The capital of Türkiye is Ankara, which is in the central Anatolia region of the country.

Country Profile

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Türkiye has sea borders with the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Aegean Sea. Georgia borders the country to the northeast, and Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran border it to the east. It’s bordered to the southeast by Iraq and Syria to the south. Greece and Bulgaria border it to the northwest, and Cyprus lies off Türkiye’s south coast. Türkiye is a largely mountainous country; the highest mountain in Türkiye is Mount Ararat, which measures 5,165 meters.

The official language of Türkiye is Turkish, and other popular languages include Kurdish, Arabic, Zaza, Circassian, and Laz. The diverse languages and culture in Türkiye reflect the number of groups that have occupied the country throughout the centuries.

Most people in Türkiye live in cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir. Some of the most popular landmarks in these cities include Hagia Sophia (a religious building completed in 537 AD), The Grand Bazaar in Istanbul, and Ankara Castle.

Türkiye’s climate varies from region to region, but it is largely a Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. The coastline along the Black Sea tends to be more humid and wet than other regions in the country.

Türkiye: Stats and Facts

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