Tajikistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It is surrounded by Kyrgyzstan to the north, China to the east, Afghanistan to the south, and Uzbekistan to the west and north.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of TajikistanAsiaCentral AsiaDushanbe10,143,5430.13%141,510Tajikistani somoniSM

The countryโ€™s capital and largest city is Dushanbe. The city is in the Gissar Valley, with the Gissar Mountains in the north and east and the Babatag, Aktau, Rangontau, and Karatau mountain ranges in the south.

The terrain of Tajikistan is largely mountainous, with around half the country at more than 10,000 feet above sea level. The Gissar, Turkestan, and Zeravshan mountain ranges dominate the east-central part of the country, while the Pamir Mountains can be found in the southeast. The Pamir Mountains are the location of some of the highest mountains in Central Asia, including Imeni Ismail Samani, Tajikistanโ€™s highest point. Aside from the Gissar Valley, the only other major areas of relatively low land are the Fergana Valley in the north and the Kofarnihon and Vakhsh valleys in the south.

Tajikistan has more than 900 rivers that are longer than 10 kilometers, including the Syr Daya, the longest river in Central Asia, and Central Asiaโ€™s deepest river, the Amu Darya. The Amu Darya forms part of Tajikistanโ€™s border with Afghanistan.

In the valleys โ€” where Tajikistanโ€™s main cities are located โ€” the climate is continental, with cold winters and hot, dry summers. The climate is also continental in the mountains, with temperatures dropping as the altitude increases. Rain and snowfall occur mostly in the mountains, apart from the easternmost ranges, which experience a more desert-like climate. From November through April, the country is prone to wind storms.

Tajikistan is a presidential republic with a President who serves as the head of the state. The President appoints a Prime Minister as the head of the government.

Tajikistan: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Surudi Milli"
("National Anthem")
TJTJK.tj+9920 (landlocked)39 00 N, 71 00 E1UTC +05:00Not observedright$57,640,000,000$5,658$12,922,000,000$1,268