Taiwan, otherwise known as the Republic of China, is an island country in East Asia. The island is located in the Pacific Ocean and shares maritime borders with China, Japan, and the Philippines. Taiwan covers an area of approximatelyΒ 36,193 kmΒ² (13,974 miΒ²). There are over 20 islands in the territory of Taiwan; the main island (now called Taiwan) was previously called Formosa.


Official NameContinentSubregionPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)Currency

China, which is approximately 160 km (100 miles) from Taiwan, took control of the island in 1945. Although China views Taiwan as a separate Chinese province, many Taiwanese believe Taiwan is its own nation with a separate constitution. Despite this disagreement, Taiwan has a strong trading partnership with China.

Taiwan is mountainous in the east and has flat plains in the west. Most of the island’s population lives in the western region, while the island’s capital (Taipei City) is in the north. The highest point in Taiwan is Yu Shan (also known as Mount Jade), which has an elevation of 3,952 meters (12,966 ft).

The climate of Taiwan is largely subtropical, with a more tropical climate in the south of the island. Summer on the island is hot and humid with frequent rainfall, whereas winter is mild with less rain. Taiwan’s monsoon season typically lasts from May to late September, and the typhoon season lasts from May to October.

Taiwan is a democratic republic with a president who serves as head of state and a premier who serves as head of government. The island isn’t a member of most international organizations due to China’s wishes. There are only a handful of countries that even recognize the government of Taiwan and have formal diplomatic relations with it. This includes Vatican City, Haiti, and Paraguay.

Taiwan: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemCoastline Length (km)Time Zone(s)GDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)