Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is an island country in Southern Asia. It lies just off the south coast of India, separated from the Indian peninsula by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. Sri Lanka also shares a maritime border with the Maldives to the southwest.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri LankaAsiaSouthern Asia
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (official)
Colombo (executive, judicial)
21,893,5790.27%64,630Sri Lankan rupeeRe or Rs (pl.)

The legislative capital of Sri Lanka is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, and its executive and judicial capital is Colombo. Colombo is also the country’s most populous city.

Sri Lanka is famed for its tropical rainforests. Its three best-known rainforests are Peak Wilderness, Knuckles, and the Sinharaja, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Northern Sri Lanka consists largely of plains, but the Horton Plains in the south are arguably more famous. These areas are extremely biodiverse and provide excellent wildlife-spotting opportunities. The savannahs in the south are also home to a wide variety of rare animal and plant life, such as elephants, bears, panthers, buffaloes, deer, and crocodiles.Β 

Sri Lanka’s climate is largely tropical and warm, although frost can occur in the central highlands during winter. This region is known as the β€œwet zone” due to the amount of annual rainfall it receives. The eastern, southeastern and northern parts of the country are known as the β€œdry zone”.

Sri Lanka is the oldest democracy in Asia. A democratic republic, it is governed by a semi-presidential system, with an elected President who shares powers with a Prime Minister and a government. The Sri Lankan government has three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.

Sri Lanka: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Sri Lanka Matha"
("Mother Sri Lanka"),3407 00 N, 81 00 E1UTC +05:30Not observedleftno datano datano datano data