South Korea

South Korea (officially called the Republic of Korea) is a country in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. It’s bordered by North Korea, along with the Yellow Sea to the west and the Sea of Japan to the east. It consists of a mainland peninsula and around 3,000 islands, most of which are small and uninhabited.

Country Profile

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Around half of the country’s population lives in the Seoul Capital Area, one of the world’s most populous metropolitan areas. Seoul is home to Gyeongbokgung Palace and the N-Seoul Tower — two of the country’s biggest tourist attractions. The Incheon Tri-Bowl, a multi-complex culture and arts center in the city of Incheon, is another popular landmark. The country’s other large cities include Busan and Daegu.

South Korea also has many natural landmarks, such as the Sobaek Mountains, the Boseong Tea Fields, and volcanic islands like Jeju. Jeju is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the location of South Korea’s highest point: the Hallasan volcano. The country’s terrain is largely mountainous, most of which isn’t suitable for farming.

The climate of South Korea is continental, with four distinct seasons: winter, spring, summer, and autumn. Autumn and spring are short with mild temperatures, while winters are cold and dry, and summers are hot and humid. During the summer, typhoons can occur on the southern coast, bringing heavy rainfall and strong winds.

Korea is a democratic republic. Its government is divided into three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. The President is the head of the state and the highest member of the National Assembly, followed by the Prime Minister and then the government ministers.

South Korea: Stats and Facts

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