Palestine is a country in Western Asia, consisting of two regions: the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The West Bank is the largest of the two regions, bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel to the south, west, and north. The Gaza Strip lies to the southwest of the West Bank, bordered by Israel to the north and east, Egypt to the south, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west.

Country Profile

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Palestine’s territory is disputed, with Israel occupying the West Bank and the Gaza Strip since the Six-Day War in 1967 (although Israel withdrew its military and civilians from the Gaza Strip in 2005). Palestine has 165 enclaves on the West Bank under partial Palestinian rule.

The country claims Jerusalem as its capital, but this is disputed, with Israel also claiming the city as its capital. Palestine’s administrative center is the city of Ramallah in the central West Bank. Its largest city is Rafah in the Southern Gaza Strip.

The landscape of Palestine is diverse, ranging from arid deserts to sandy beaches to rolling hills and mountains. The country’s highest point is Mount Nabi Yunis on the West Bank. It rises almost 1,036 meters (3,400 feet) above sea level.

Both the West Bank and the Gaza Strip experience a mostly Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and warm, dry summers. Temperatures are also mild during spring and fall, though there can be heavy downpours during these seasons.

Palestine: Stats and Facts

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