Map of Pakistan with country flag

Pakistan (officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan) is a country in Asia. It is is bordered by India to the east and Afghanistan to the west, as well as sharing land borders with Iran to the southwest and China to the northeast. The Arabian Sea borders Pakistan to the south, the Gulf of Oman borders it to the southwest and, Sir Creek borders it to the southeast.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (km²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Islamic Republic of PakistanAsiaSouthern AsiaIslamabad240,485,6582.99%770,875Pakistani rupeeRe or Rs (pl.)
The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad, which was constructed in the 1960s and established in 1967. Islamabad means ‘city of Islam’, which refers to Pakistan’s state religion. Karachi was the first capital of Pakistan when the country was formed in 1947.
Pakistan has various climates in the different regions. The north has a continental climate, while the east has a wet climate. The Thar Desert in eastern Pakistan has an arid climate, and the southeast region has a tropical climate.
The highest point in Pakistan is Mount Kilimanjaro (K2), which is also the world’s second-highest mountain. K2, which stands in the Karakoram mountain range, has an elevation of 8,611 m (28,251 ft).
Pakistan has three main geographic areas: the northern highlands; the Indus River plain, and the Balochistan Plateau. The highlands feature sections of the Karakoram range, the Himalayas, and Hindu Kush. The Indus River is the longest river in Pakistan and has a total length of 3,180 km (1,976 mi). While Balochistan is the largest of Pakistan’s provinces, it’s the least populated. The plateau features rugged terrain and has an arid climate.
Up until 2010, the president of Pakistan had significant authority and could single-handedly dissolve parliament. The country is now a federal parliamentary republic and has a purely parliamentary government. Pakistan’s prime minister heads the national cabinet and chooses the senior government officials.

Pakistan: Stats and Facts

Official LanguagesMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
"Qaumī Tarāna"
("National Anthem"),04630 00 N, 70 00 E1UTC +05:00Not observedleft$1,644,057,000,000$6,961no datano data