Myanmar is a country in South-eastern Asia. It is bordered by China to the north and east, Laos to the east, Thailand to the east and south, and Bangladesh and India to the west. It has coastlines on the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to the south and west.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmยฒ)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Republic of the Union of MyanmarAsiaSouth-eastern AsiaNaypyidaw54,577,9970.68%653,508Burmese kyatK or Ks (pl.)

The capital of Myanmar is Naypyidaw. The city was purpose-built outside any state or region to replace Yangon as the capital in 2005. Naypyidaw lies between two mountain ranges: the Bago Yoma and Shan Yoma. There are many other mountain ranges in Myanmar, including the Rakhine Yoma and the Tenasserim Hills. All of them run south from the Himalayas. The countryโ€™s highest point is Hkakabo Razi, in the northern state of Kachin.

Myanmar’s longest river is the Irrawaddy, which originates at the confluence of the N’mai and Mali rivers in the northeast of the country and flows south to empty into the Andaman Sea via the Irrawaddy Delta. In addition to mountains and rivers, Myanmarโ€™s landscape is largely forested, with trees covering almost half of the countryโ€™s land area.

The climate of Myanmar is mostly tropical, with a hot, rainy season from mid-May through October, a cooler, dry season from November through mid-February, and a hot pre-monsoon season from mid-February through mid-May. The mountainous areas โ€” particularly at high altitudes โ€” experience a cooler climate, with heavy snowfall in the north.

Myanmarโ€™s 2008 constitution defines it as a unitary parliamentary republic, whereby the President is the head of the state and the head of the government.

Myanmar: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
("National Anthem"),93022 00 N, 98 00 E1UTC +06:30Not observedright$291,557,000,000$5,349$79,266,000,000$1,454