Malaysia is a Southeast Asia country that shares maritime and land borders with Thailand, Indonesia, and Brunei. The country also shares maritime borders with Singapore, Vietnam, and the Philippines.

Country Profile

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There are two separate areas in Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia), which are divided by the South China Sea. These two land areas are separated by approximately 644 kilometers. The country’s capital, Kuala Lumpur, is located on the western side of Peninsular Malaysia. 

The country is divided into 13 states and three federal territories, and each of the country’s states has a state capital. Sarawak and Sabah are the two largest states in the country: Kota Kinabalu is the capital of Sabah, and Kuching is the capital of Sarawak.

Malaysia is full of tropical rainforests, including one of the world’s oldest rainforests: the Taman Negara Rainforest. The rainforests are home to a wide variety of animals, such as orangutans, elephants, and Malayan tigers. The country’s climate is tropical, with hot, humid, and rainy weather throughout the year.

The official language of Malaysia is Malay, the primary language of the country’s majority Malay ethnic population. Other commonly spoken native languages include Iban, Dusunic, and Kadazan.

Malaysia has a prime minister who serves as the head of government and a Supreme Head of Federation (monarch) as the head of state. The 13 state governments and the federal government have executive power, while the federal parliament and the 13 state assemblies have legislative power. The states maintain their own royal families. Malaysia’s King is elected by and from a group of nine rulers from the Malay states.


Malaysia: Stats and Facts

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