Macao, officially theΒ Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, is a Chinese special administrative region and city. It borders mainland China and the South China Sea.


Official NameContinentSubregionPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)Currency

The region was colonized by Portugal in 1557 as the first European colony in East Asia. The Portuguese controlled the city until 1999, when it was transferred to China’s control. Macao was the last and oldest European territory in continental Asia.

Macao’s politics are largely dominated by China. The country appoints Macao’s Chief Executive, who serves as head of government. The Chief Executive directly reports to Beijing’s central government. The Chief Executive can spend five years in office and they can’t serve for more than two consecutive terms.

The climate of Macao is subtropical, with mild, dry winters and hot, rainy summers. Macao is relatively flat, with only a few steep hills. The highest point in the city is Alto de Coloane, a mountain with an elevation of 172 meters (566 ft). There are no permanent rivers in the region and most of Macao’s water comes from the neighboring city of Zhuhai (across the Chinese border).

Macao doesn’t have a capital as it is a city in itself. However, the special administrative region is divided into three zones: Maca peninsula, Taipa, and Coloane.

Macao: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemCoastline Length (km)Time Zone(s)GDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)