Lebanon

Lebanon is a country in Western Asia. It shares borders with Syria to the east and Israel to the south. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the west, separating the country from the island of Cyprus.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol
The Lebanese RepublicAsiaWestern AsiaBeirut5,353,9300.01%10,230Lebanese poundLL

The capital of Lebanon is Beirut. Nicknamed the β€œParis of the Middle East”, Beirut is a diverse, cosmopolitan city boasting excellent shopping and vibrant nightlife. It has been rebuilt many times due to war and civil unrest, resulting in a combination of Ottoman, colonial French, and contemporary architectural styles. Just north of Beirut is the city of Byblos, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In addition to its rich historical heritage, Lebanon is known for its culture β€” particularly its food. Lebanese cuisine is internationally renowned, with dishes like hummus, falafel, flatbread, baba ganoush, and tabouleh commonly eaten in countries across the world.

Lebanon’s landscape consists of four distinct regions: the western coastal plain, the Beqaa Valley in the east, the Mount Lebanon mountain range, which stretches the entire length of the country, and the Anti-Lebanon mountain range, which forms most of the border with Syria. The highest point in Lebanon is Qurnat al-Sawdāʾ, in the Mount Lebanon range.

The climate of Lebanon varies depending on the region. The climate on the coast is Mediterranean, with hot, sunny summers and mild, rainy winters. The interior is continental, with cold winters and very hot summers, although temperatures are colder with increasing altitude. June through September are the sunniest, driest months. During spring and fall, a strong desert wind can blow across the country, bringing sandstorms and increasing temperatures.

Lebanon is a parliamentary democracy. Its system of government also includes confessionalism, whereby the most powerful positions are reserved for representatives from specific religious communities. The President must be a Maronite Christian, and the Prime Minister must be a Sunni Muslim. Additionally, the Speaker of the Parliament must be a Shi’a Muslim, and the Deputy Prime Minister and the Deputy Speaker of Parliament must be Eastern Orthodox.

Lebanon: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)
ArabicIslam
Lebanese National Anthem
LBLBN.lb+96122533 50 N, 35 50 E1UTC +02:00UTC +03:00rightno datano datano datano data