Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, is a country in Central Asia. The landlocked country is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north and Uzbekistan to the west. Tajikistan borders Kyrgyzstan to the south, and China borders it to the southeast and east.

Country Profile

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Several empires and groups have invaded and ruled Kyrgyzstan throughout its history, including the Mongols, the Kalmyks, and the Manchus. Kyrgyzstan became part of the Russian Empire in 1876 until it dissolved in 1917. The Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was formed in 1936 and became part of the USSR. Kyrgyzstan declared independence from the USSR in 1991 and formed a democratic government.

The country is a democratic republic with a president who serves as head of state and a Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers who serves as head of government. Kyrgyzstan’s president is elected by popular vote and can serve a maximum of two five-year terms. The president elects the Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers (who must be approved by the Supreme Council).

Bishkek, located near the Kazakhstan–Kyrgyzstan border, is the capital of Kyrgyzstan. The city was founded in 1825. It sits at an altitude of 800 meters and is located near the Kyrgyz Ala-Too Range (part of the Tian Shan mountain range). The highest point in the country is the Jengish Chokusu Peak, which has an elevation of 7,439 meters (24,406 ft) and stands in the Tian Shan range.

Kyrgyzstan’s climate has some regional variations. The southwest has a subtropical climate with hot summers, while the climate in the Tian Shan range varies from continental to polar at higher elevations.

Kyrgyzstan: Stats and Facts

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