Kuwait, officially theΒ State of Kuwait, is a country in the Arabian Peninsula on the northwestern corner of the Persian Gulf in the Middle East. The country is bordered to the north by Iraq and Saudi Arabia to the south. Iran shares maritime borders with Kuwait.

Country Profile

Official NameContinentSubregionCapital CityPopulationWorld Population %Land Area (kmΒ²)CurrencyCurrency Symbol

There are nine islands off the coast of Kuwait. Bubiyan is the largest island, with an area of 863 kmΒ². The island is connected to mainland Kuwait via a concrete bridge.

Kuwait City, located on the southern shore of Kuwait Bay, is the country’s capital. Most of Kuwait’s population lives in the city, which was established in 1752. Other major cities in Kuwait include Al-Fahaheel and Ar Riqqah.

The country is an emirate Arab state and is ruled by an emir. The emir serves as head of state and appoints the prime minister, who in turn selects the cabinet of ministers for the government. The ruling family of Kuwait has been the House of Sabah since 1752. Kuwait was a British protectorate from 1899 until 1961.

Kuwait has an arid climate, with long, hot summers and short, warm winters. The country often records some of the hottest temperatures on Earth. Most of the country is covered in dry desert.

Mutla Ridge is the highest point in Kuwait, with an elevation of 306 meters (1,004 ft). The Persian Gulf is the lowest point in the country.

Kuwait doesn’t have any permanent rivers. However, there are several wadis, which are dry valleys that form temporary rivers following heavy rainfall. Most of the country’s drinking and domestic water comes from desalinated seawater and groundwater.

Kuwait: Stats and Facts

Official LanguageMain ReligionNational AnthemISO alpha-2ISO alpha-3Internet country domains (TLDs)Dialling CodeCoastline Length (km)Geographic coordinates (center point of country)Number of Time ZonesTime Zone(s)Daylight Savings Time?Driving SideGDP (PPP)GDP per capita (PPP)GDP (nominal)GDP per capita (nominal)